The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

The survey found the majority of grads, or 73.5 percent, have found jobs, while the number of students set to continue their studies in China accounted for just 6.3 percent, sharply down from 16.5 percent in 2016.

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时间:2009-07-16 编辑:vicki
北韩已经警告过Park,如果电影穿越边境,将会要他"以命偿罪"。
或许这种做法不会在竞争激烈的华尔街推广。有人可能会认为,长时间的休假相当于承认他们的工作可有可无,即使没有他们,同事们也可以生存,或许更能发挥才华。
200亿美元的数额会让任何一位投资垂涎,但这笔钱需要在回购和派息之间进行分配。与2014年其他公司宣布的股票回购相比,这笔钱只能算是零花钱。

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 国家发改委:推动人才、土地、资本要素在城乡间双向流动 in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

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PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

Format: Five residential periods with online learning in between
“尽管大多数中国品牌在国外还不为人知,但在国内,它们打下了很深的基础,”胡润百富董事长兼首席调研员胡润说。
"No one really knows how (end times) would look and how God would bring it about," Cox said.
But as Western manufacturing and industry have declined, taking many working-class towns with them, parents and grandparents have found that the opportunities they once had are unavailable to the next generation.

Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

事实上,你要毅然坚决地将工作和找工作划清界限。也就是说,你不能偷偷溜出去接听电话面试。不要浏览找工作的平台。不要用你的工作邮件地址申请和联络。“你不要在工作时看色情照片,同样不要在工作的时候看你的简历,”凯说:“你千万不要。”
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"Sydney's housing prices shot up because foreign investors are buying trophy assets, in places like Bondi," says Elliot.

湖南省第三届家具博览会开幕 “家具湘军”开始形成

在综合榜单中,美国大学的数量最多,共有221所大学上榜。中国和日本分列第二、三名,上榜大学数量分别为136所和76所。
人力资源和社会保障部的一位官员称:“根据往年的经验,在报名窗口快关闭时,报名人数会剧增,尤其是在最后三天。”

The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 物业费改革的北京样本:定价由市场决定 to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

本文作者为卡内基国际和平基金会(Carnegie Endowment)高级研究员、世界银行(World Bank)中国业务局前局长,译者/何黎
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[in'spai?ri?]
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科技界的女性:科技行业今年第二度作为权势女性榜上的一个分类。前25位最有权势的女性中,5位来自科技行业,包括Facebook的雪莉·桑德伯格(桑德伯格新书《Lean In》下载>>)(排名第6),IBM的罗曼提(排名第12)和惠普的梅格·惠特曼(排名第15)。上榜的科技界女性总共有16位,还包括谷歌的广告高级副总裁苏珊·沃西基(排名第30)和华为公司董事长孙亚芳(排名第77位)。
institute
28 June
James Kynge
If you've got children, I understand that this isn't always possible. Children should always come first. But if you don't show up for your classes, you're not getting that education we discussed in No. 1.
Manal al-Sharif
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7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

The data measure how successful alumni have been in their career in terms of salary, seniority and achievements since graduating.
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Subdivided flats smaller than 100 square feet (9 square meters) can rent for $385 in the Asian city.
2017年排行榜分别评选了60个“无工作经验要求”的项目和6个“有工作经验要求”的项目。“无工作经验要求”的项目主要面向拥有很少或没有金融业背景的学生,“有工作经验要求”的项目针对的是已经在金融领域工作的专业人士。只有少数几家学院提供“有工作经验要求”的课程。
但现实远比他想象的艰难。雷文斯克罗夫特表示:“我曾以为这就是一个机会,要花掉两年,但现实是严峻的,因为这活不好干。”此外,他的导师在雷曼兄弟(Lehman Brothers)工作,这家银行于2008年破产。他大笑着说:“这段指导关系持续的时间没有我希望的那么长。”

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

根据1894家上市公司公布的2016年财务年报的数据显示,金融和地产业的高管薪酬最高。

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

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It set minimum prices too high for commodities including cotton, sugar and corn, and as those prices diverged from the market prices, authorities encouraged excessive production as well as strong import flows.

Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

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Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)